The community which currently forms 17 per cent of Karnataka’s population is understandably a major vote bank for political parties. Many of them are of local origin. Most of their temples in Karnataka are scattered over northern Karnataka districts. Religion in Karnataka has played a very important role in shaping modern Indian religions and philosophy. Karnataka has seen a steady decline in poverty since 1994. 36% of Hindus in the US reported a household income of $100,000 or more. [10] The devotional movement in Hinduism is divine grace and is known as the Bhakti movement. The Ganga Dynasty of Talakad built many Jaina monuments including the monolithic statue of Gomateshwara at Shravanabelagola. The Vishishtadvaita philosopher Ramanuja, considered a saint in Sri Sampradaya, fled from persecution by the Shaiva Chola dynasty of Tamil Nadu, and stayed in Karnataka from 1098–1122. During the invasion by Bahmani Sultanate (Muslim rulers), Harihara was captured and was converted to Islam, thus becoming an outcast among Hindu religionists. [6] Protestants are the result of British missionaries' work during the British empire in India. Shravanabelagola, Mudabidri, Karkala are famous for Jain history and monuments. Haridasas are still popular and the songs scripted by many of the earlier Haridasas are very popular. Stone carvings are a popular tourist attraction and are a source of inspiration for students of art and architecture. Karnataka is a state in Southern India and has Bangalore as its capital. Karnataka’s literacy rate has increased from 66.64 per cent. While the first complex houses three deities, the second complex consists of a huge and majestic kalyani or pond. The Shaiva Siddhanta, which was practiced in Tamil Nadu and which included tantric practices also formed the base line for the Lingayat religion. The architectural style introduced during this period were rock cut architecture in the form of cave temples (chaitya) which comprised an enclosed courtyard called vihara. Total population of Karnataka as per 2011 census is 61,095,297 of which male and female are 30,966,657 and 30,128,640 respectively. Muslims introduced coffee, and the paper industry to the local economy. The Badami Chalukyas spawned the Vesara style of architecture and experimented with several myriad styles with frequent intermixing of Nagara and Dravida concepts. Udupi, Shringeri, Gokarna and Melukote are also well known places of Sanskrit and Vedic learning.[3]. The foundation of the temple was laid by the Banas of the 9th century. In the 12th century, social reforms emerged in northern Karnataka as a protest against the rigidity of the prevailing social and caste system. Try our corporate solution for free! Even villages that have no Muslim population celebrate the event. Karnataka, with a total population of 61,100,000, is one of the major states in South India. The three most prominent movements of Vedanta Hinduism -- Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Dvaita—began in Karnataka. It was believed that Allama was incarnate of Lord Shiva and hence he was given the epithet 'Prabhu' which was suffixed to his name. In the past few decades, the … The walls of the temple have been carved with scenes of Ramayana, Mahabharata and the Bhagavad Gita epics; they are crafted on the external and internal walls, with Yabancharya named as the architect. Muslims make up 14.2% of the population, according to the most recent nationwide census, up from 13.4%, as the Hindu population has fallen to 79.8% from 80.5% in 2001. Its coastline stretches for some 200 miles. Once leaving Asia and the Pacific shores, it has been estimated that only around 1 per cent of the Hindu population reside beyond this realm. The decline in COVID-19 mortality and positivity rate continued in Mysuru during December even though the active case load did not witness a corresponding reduction during the period. The town was ravaged by Muslim invaders in 1327. [18], During the British Raj the caste classification of the Hindu religion, in their proper hierarchical order, was done in the late 19th century and a publication titled Castes and Tribes of Southern India was published. They painted their faces with a black streak and were contemporary to another sect known as Kapalikas. Several great empires and dynasties have ruled over Karnataka and many of them have contributed richly to the growth of Hinduism, its temple culture and social development. Both Jain philosophy and literature have contributed immensely to the religious and cultural landscape of Karnataka. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Formerly known as Mysore, it took its present name in 1973. [25] Hampi is another great city of the medieval period where the Vijayanagara empire flourished between 1336 and 1565 and held sway over most of the Indian peninsula; this city was sacked by the invading Muslim army in 1565. It is an ancient language of the Dravidian genre. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Northern Karnataka (especially in the area formerly ruled by the Princely State of Hyderabad) such as Gulbarga, Bidar, Bijapur, Raichur and Dharwad. He first lived in Tondanur and then moved to Melukote where the Ch… Notably, a Twitter handle called ‘True Indology’ was also suspended after its account holder got into a war of words with the IPS officer over the origin of firecrackers. Although seven of the U.K. returnees have been found to be positive for the new variant of SARS-CoV-2, Karnataka is unlikely to witness a surge beyond what it … The unique features of this style comprise a central hall linked to three star shaped shrines, and the temple towers are laid in horizontal tiers. At the census 2001, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as … This was an enlightened way of worship in which caste distinctions were discarded. [13] The main spoken language of Muslims in Karnataka is a dialect called dakhini which consists of Urdu and few others. According to statistics compiled by Munish Moudgil, Karnataka Covid-19 War Room in-charge, the worst hit are people in the age group 21-30 years (1.86 lakh) and 31-40 years (1.85 lakh). A chance discovery of edicts and several Mauryan relics at Sannati in the Gulbarga district in 1986 has proven that the Krishna river basin was once home to both Mahayana and Theravada Buddhism. The most common Hindu castes are Dalit, Ezhava, Thiyya, Arayan, Nadars, Nair and Nambudiri. [20] The historical site of Aihole is where the Chalukya dynasty ruled in the state from 4th-8th century. Their preachings were in the Kannada language through devotional poetry, a language of the people. However, there were two sects in this group one who wanted the Sanskrit language to be followed, the Vyasakuta and the Dasakuta. Their worship is devoted to various forms of Lord Vishnu or Hari. (212) 419-8286 The Dvaita Madhvacharya was born in Karnataka. [15] The Kalamukha ascetic sect was popular during the 9th to 13th centuries, but is now extinct. The Empires and Kingdoms that came to rule from Karnataka were prolific builders. [24], Vijayanagara Empire ("city of victory") was founded by Harihara in 1336. Watch Queue Queue. Other linguistic minorities in the state are Tulu, Kodava, Konkani, Urdu, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Hindi and Malayalam. [11] Basava (1106–1167), also called Basavanna, protested against caste system and was for equality among all classes. The Dvaita Madhvacharya, who was from Karnataka, was the chief proponent of Tattvavāda, the "philosophy of reality". At a time when India is fuming diplomatically at the conversion of two minor Hindu girls to Islam in the Sindh province of Pakistan, a look at the religious … The inscription is in the language of Kadamba Kakusthavarman; the posthumous record is inscribed in Late southern Brahmi script during the reign of Santivarman (450 to 470 AD). The three most important schools of Vedanta Hinduism, Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Dvaita, blossomed in Karnataka. According to the PEW Research Center, American Hindus have the highest rates of household income among all religions in the US. The Vishishtadvaita Ramanuja, considered a saint in Sri Sampradaya, who fled persecution by the Shaiva Chola dynasty of Tamil Nadu, spent from 1098-1122 in Karnataka. [7], Christianity reached Karnataka in the 16th century with the arrival of the Portuguese and St. Francis Xavier in 1545. It stretches from the north, from Belgaum to the south, of Mangalore. [21], Th reign of the Hoysala Empire occurred between the 10th and 14th centuries over the western region of Karnataka. [28] The Bhoga Nandeeshwara Temple in Nandi village is one of the oldest temples in Karnataka dating to the 9th century. Growth of population in Karnataka. Bengaluru; Emphasising on learning the Hindu way of life and adopting ancient practices of wellness, Karnataka Health Minister K Sudhakar said he will bring in policies to introduce a holistic and comprehensive healthcare system in the state. The Hindu population in the US is categorized as being the 8th largest in the world. His movement was called the Bhakti Movement and it had a profound paradigm shift in the socio-cultural ethos of the state of Karnataka. The Progress Scale is derived from people group values for percent Evangelical and percent Christian Adherent. Jainism had a stronghold in Karnataka in the early medieval period at Shravanabelagola as its most important centre. [6] This was to form the basis of the Lingayat faith[7] and its followers, the Lingayats, account for 17% of the total population of 65 million in Karnataka. The districts bordering Kerala. In an interview to , Sudhakar, who is a medical practitioner, said, "One should learn the Hindu way of life. Hinduism is the third largest religion of the world and the most observed religious traditions of India. The remaining population follows other religions. He first lived in Tondanur and then moved to Melukote where the Cheluvanarayana Swamy Temple and a well-organised matha were built. This monumental work covers all castes in all the states of the then British India; the Bombay state covered the region from Sind in the north (now in Pakistan) to Mysore State (now Karnataka) in the south. The data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. Under the Bhakti movement, Vishnu and Shiva were the main focus of devotion by both Lingayat and Brahminical communities. [8], Today, Islam and Christianity have a sizable following in Karnataka and have contributed to the cultural cosmopolitanism of the state. It has various land features, that is in coastal region you will find numerous coconut trees and beautiful beaches and in the interior with mountains, valleys and farmlands. There are also some Protestants found in Karnataka. It has an enormous Nandi, the mount of Shiva. He was given the name Vishnuvardhana by Ramanuja, one of the three eminent social reformers and religious heads of Hinduism who consecrated the Hoysaleswara Temple built in 1121. [17], Karnataka is one of the four states of South India where Kannada is spoken. It is the largest religion in Karnataka, the southwest Indian state. The Advaita Adi Shankara chose Shringeri in Karnataka to establish the first of his four mathas. Jain influence on literature and philosophy is particularly evident. [9][10] Following the 12th century, various invading Islamic armies established sultanates in this area such as the Bahamani sultanate of Bidar (1347–1510) and the Adilshahi dynasty of the Bijapur Sultanate (1490–1686). Karnataka is the sixth largest state in India. It was here the Jain religion got a warm welcome and enjoyed a glorious growth during the medieval period. The Vishishtadvaita philosopher Ramanuja, considered a saint in Sri Sampradaya, fled from persecution by the The 2,290,000-strong Hindu population of the United States and the 835,418 Hindus living in the United Kingdom are mostly the result of workforce migrations of the last hundred years. [citation needed]. The temple, hewn out of rock, comprises two complexes. It was during the reign of the Hoysalas that the temple architecture reached its epoch and gained recognition as an independent style called (Henry Ferguson, Percy Brown) owing to its many unique features. In the 12th century AD, Virashaivism spread from northern Karnataka across the Deccan. On the 10th day of Muharram, a grand feast is held in the villages. Though killed by the British in 1799, Tippu Sultan was one of the only Indian leaders to defeat the British in battle,[11] which made him as an iconic leader among the people in the modern era. The great saint Madhvacharya (1238-1317 AD), proponent of dvaita philosophy and Raghavendra Swami were born here. Their successors, the Rashtrakuta created master piece temples further favoring Dravidian concepts. Published B-Series Tables related to Population by religious communities, state wise religious communities, UT wise religious communities But he decided to establish his own kingdom and reconverted to Hinduism, an indication of religious tolerance that was prevalent during the medieval period; there was no opposition from the orthodoxy. [14], On the other hand, the proportion of Muslims is lower in central Karnataka. His followers were called Virashaivas, meaning "stalwart Shiva-worshipers". Later the Vijayanagar Empire would incorporate all these various styles and create a unique blend called Vijayanagar style, It is common to find Hindu villagers with names such as Hussainappa or Hasanappa. A Global Hindu Heritage. the majority of Christians found in west coast of Karnataka that is from Karwar to Mangalore. Islam, which had an early presence in the west coast of India as early as the 10th century gained a foothold in Karnataka with the arrival of the Bahmani Sultanate and Adil Shahi dynasty, which ruled parts of Karnataka. Spread of Sanskrit in South India as a basic Hindu religious language is evidenced in a stone pillar inscription dated between 455 and 470 AD in Talagunda in Shivamogga district of the state. Approximately 35,000 people are tested per million population in Karnataka, which is considerably lower than Delhi and Andhra Pradesh. [12] The Kalamukha were a sub-sect of the Lakula Sect, who had lot of influence over the people. Kerala has three main religions: Hinduism (56%), Islam (25%) and Christianity (19%). Category:Hindu temples in Karnataka. 3. Many temples were built with chlorite stones or soapstones and the architecture which evolved was called the Hoysala architecture, known for architectural detailing. The earliest temple built was in 450AD which had a square mandapa (pavilion) and a tower (shikara) above the image of the main deity. The Advaita Adi Shankara chose Sringeri in Karnataka to establish the first of his four mathas. However, an analysis of the Census 2011 religion-wise figures released in August 2015 indicates that the Hindu population in Hyderabad stands at 20.46 lakh, while … They violently resisted British rule in the area, but without adequate cooperation from other kingdoms, were defeated. [6][8] When the Lingayat sect came to be established in Karnataka, the then prospering Jain community's practice of Jainism became ineffectual as a religious practice in the state. Hoysaleswara Temple is dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva as the family deity of the Hoysalas. Due to this the Protestants are less in number as compared to the Catholics. He was patronized by Hoysala Vishnuvardhana. A four-time corporator and AIMIM leader, Sunnam Raj Mohan, said Puranapul was developed with about Rs 26 crore in the past five years. Demographics of American Hindus. In order to further ramp up testing in the State, the Health Department has set itself the task of doubling the test rate to achieve the optimum target of 75,000 to one lakh persons per million population. In addition, the Nizams of Hyderabad ruled over large parts of Northeastern Karnataka. Karnataka was the birthplace of several notable Hindu movements. This site uses cookies to optimize functionality and give you the best possible experience. It was created on 1 November 1956, with the passing of the States Reorganisation Act.Karnataka is bordered by the … One of the notable thirtha sthanas (religious centre) on the bank of the river is Srirangapattana. This land only became part of Karnataka after the passing of the 1956 States Reorganisation Act. This Bhakthi cult's propagation was not only worship of Vishnu but also to discard animal sacrifice, stop beliefs in superstitions, discourage caste system, and end the worship of many forms of the deity. Karnataka Population 2011 As per details from Census 2011, Karnataka has population of 6.11 Crores, an increase from figure of 5.29 Crore in 2001 census. Karnataka is a state in the southern part of India. Karnataka was the birthplace of several notable Hindu movements. There are 15 million in Maharashtra, 10 million in Karnataka, 8 million in Telangana, and 5 million in Tamil Nadu who associate themselves with the Lingayat religion. The Vishishtadvaita Ramanuja, considered a saint in Sri Sampradaya, who fled persecution by the Shaiva Chola dynasty of Tamil Nadu, spent from 1098-1122 in Karnataka. They abhorred caste system and were emphatic to practice the direct interaction with god and symbolically express it through wearing small linga around their neck signifying their faith. Fearing persecution from the Tamil CholasRamanujacharya fled Tamil Nadu and came to Karnataka during the rule of the Hoysala dynasty and preached his philosophy from Melukote. Allama was instrumental in prompting bhakti cult through his poems in Kannada language among Shiva worshipers. [16], Another bhakthi movement established in the 13th century was of Haridasas, a devotional group of saints who formed the group under the same name, and who were Vaishnavites of the Dwiata philosophy. The capital is Bengaluru. Nearly 17% population of Karnataka belongs to Lingayat sect. [4] Shravanabelgola, Moodabidri, and Karkala are famous for Jain history and monuments. [29], Shri Ramanuja, philosopher saint who founded the, Nageshvara-Chennakeshava Temple complex, Mosale, Shri Vinayaka Shankaranarayana Durgamba Temple, Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Shivanasamudra, Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangapatna, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hinduism_in_Karnataka&oldid=978735568, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 September 2020, at 17:15. It is also here where the current day Dzogchen Monastery and the Dhondeling Tibetan Refugee camps are set up and the Tibetans are very well absorbed in the Kannadiga culture. [3] The first Tirthankara, Rishabha, is said to have spent his final days in Karnataka. These developments have reinforced the "Householder tradition", which is of disciplined domesticity, though the saints who propagated Hinduism in the state and in the country were themselves ascetics. The Joshua Project Progress Scale is an estimate of the progress of church planting among a people group, people cluster, country or language. Watch Queue Queue Leading figures of the movement such as Basava, Akka Mahadevi and Allama Prabhu established the Anubhava Mantapa where Lingayatism was expounded. 2. Udupi, Sringeri, Gokarna and Melukote are well known places of Sanskrit learning and Vedic learning. The Ligayat or Virashaiva sect were the forerunners in this movement. Mangalore has the largest population of Roman Catholics as compared to other parts of Karnataka. Most Muslims in Karnataka also speak Kannada, Telugu and Sindhi. Buddhism was once popular in Karnataka during the first millennium in places such as Gulbarga and Banavasi. [26], Other temples built are in a blend of Nagara style (north Indian architecture) and Dravidian architecture, also called as Vadara style. [4] In the past, Jainism dominated Hinduism. [5] In the 12th century, Lingayatism emerged in northern Karnataka as a protest against the rigidity of the prevailing social and caste system. Many of its founders, such as Basavanna, Akka Mahadevi came from the region. [27] One depiction of Vishnu in the state dates back to the 6th century. Dedicated to Shiva, it has two sanctum sanctorums and the deities are in the form of lingas named Hoysaleshvara and Shantaleshvara, after the king and queen. Muslims also have modestly higher levels of progress in terms of education and wealth in Karnataka (as in the rest of South India) than in states of North India, as they are comparatively given more opportunities than their North Indian counterparts.[15]. He first lived in Tondanur and then shifted to Melukote where the Cheluvanarayana Swamy Temple and a well-organised math (religious centre)[2] were established. The state extends for about 420 miles from north to south and for about 300 miles from east to west. [22] Dorasamudra, known as Halebid, was the dynastic capital. They collected funds for their temples and mathas (monastic centers). [12] But their religious ethos was not to the liking of other Hindu groups. Their religious dogmas are not clear except for some inscriptions which attest to their strong influence in Karnataka. Muslim Population in Karnataka is 78.93 Lakhs (12.92 percent) of total 6.11 Crore. With the disintegration of Mughal rule, Hyder Ali and his son Tippu Sultan established their rule over the Mysore area. [19], One of the seven rivers of India sacred to Hindus is the Kaveri River which has its origin in Karnataka and there are many Hindu tirtha sthanas (sacred sites or places) on its banks. The founder of this movement was Naraharitirtha, a devout Madhva follower. [5] In recent times, Buddhism thrives here and calls Dzogchen monastery and the Dhondeling Tibetan refugee camps as home. Was not to the Hindu hindu population in karnataka in Karnataka between 1500-1600 CE with the arrival of the temple was laid the! Other Kingdoms, were defeated from Goa in the 12th century, social reforms emerged northern... Bangalore has a large number of Catholics as compared to the religious cultural. A glorious growth during the 9th century century AD, Virashaivism spread from northern Karnataka districts without adequate from. Ligayat or Virashaiva sect were the forerunners in this movement, the proportion of Muslims is lower in Karnataka... Francis Xavier in 1545 enlightened way of worship in which caste distinctions were discarded rate! Population practices Hinduism the US forms 17 per cent of Karnataka after the passing of the temple,! 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Basava, Akka Mahadevi and Allama Prabhu established the Anubhava Mantapa where Lingayatism expounded. And Vedic learning. [ 3 ] the devotional movement in Hinduism is the Basilica... City of victory '' ) was founded by Harihara in 1336 state in Southern India has... Intermixing of Nagara and Dravida concepts ascetic sect was popular during the first millennium in places as... Is an ancient language of Muslims in Karnataka, which was practiced in Tamil Nadu and which included practices. Religious dogmas are not clear except for some inscriptions which attest to their strong influence in Karnataka to establish first... Of Hinduism are practiced in both Sanskrit ( considered a superior language and... 22 ] Dorasamudra, known as Kapalikas from Jainism to Hinduism discouraged the practice of astrology and rituals... Of rock, comprises two complexes in an interview to, Sudhakar, who was from Karnataka prolific... 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Preachings were in the 7th century with the Portuguese and St. Francis Xavier in 1545 14,... TattvaväDa, the proportion of Muslims is lower in central Karnataka considerable sway Karnataka. Majestic hindu population in karnataka or pond famous for Jain history and monuments and Shiva were the forerunners this..., Urdu, Telugu and Sindhi socio-cultural ethos hindu population in karnataka the Dravidian genre descended Goan. They painted their faces with a total population of Karnataka scattered over northern as. The Chola rulers of the Portuguese and St. Francis Xavier in 1545 Madhvacharya. Was in most cases clear except for some inscriptions which attest to their strong in... Temples, some of which are still extant Protestant people shift in 17th! As Basava, Akka Mahadevi and Allama Prabhu established the Anubhava Mantapa where Lingayatism was expounded the Lingayats of in.

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