“She is always asking if I’m ok, she helps me read after school, and she looks after me. Three days later, at her wake, her brother-in-law, “Renato Aldeguer,” was shot dead, leaving behind young children. The Pyhcop Catiji Indigenous people set up a rudimentary road block to detect logging trucks carrying illegally-harvested timber from Governador and Araribóia Indigenous Territory, in Maranhão State, in June 2018. The Somaliland government severely restricted reporting and free expression on issues deemed controversial or overly critical of the authorities. The government also arbitrarily arrested perceived government critics. “Robert” was right behind the gunman when he shot the boy’s father, “Renato Aldeguer,” on December 19, 2016. Somalia Human Rights Human Rights Concerns. Since last June, Revita said that some schools have introduced Braille classes, which Josina was taking. “She is my best friend,” said Josina. ... Condemn Minority Rights Report. Three men were sentenced to death under Puntland’s 2016 Sexual Offences Act, which includes death penalty sentences for “aggravated” cases of rape. The federal Sexual Offences Bill has been submitted before parliament, but had yet to be debated at time of writing. Photo taken in February 2019. Human Rights Watch is anchored by Guiding Principles that orient us in the world and by Core Values that inform our standards, practices, and treatment of one another. “John” lies on a ledge in the streets of Mandaluyong City in January 2019. Fatima, 20, dropped out of Grade 5 after teachers bullied her because she has albinism. "Women are among the people who face the most problems when it comes to human rights … Executive Director, Africa ... Human Rights Watch … Annual review of human rights around the globe. “There were no consequences for any of them.”. Students with albinism are not the only ones to face stigma. She says she cannot control her son, Kyle, and is  now worried that she might lose her job again. On February 10, the regional court in Hargeisa suspended the Foore newspaper for one year and fined the editor, Abdirashid Abdiwahab Ibrahim, 3 million Somaliland shillings (US$300). Scenes of the Pindaré river, which marks the limit between the mostly deforested areas around the Caru Indigenous Territory, in Maranhão, and the lush rainforest inside, in June 2018. The mandate of the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Somalia was established pursuant to resolution 1993/86 of the Commission on Human Rights (see E/CN.4/1993/122). Since the overthrow of Siad Barre's 21-year government in January 1991, civil conflict has torn Somalia apart, leading to the collapse of the state and the economy. Dozens of government and security officials as well as former electoral delegates and clan elders who had been involved in the 2016 electoral process, were assassinated; Al-Shabab claimed responsibility for some of the killings. Attention to ensuring accountability for abuses remained minimal. Founded in 2016 to support persons with albinism, volunteer-run Azemap provides much-needed supplies –such as soap for sensitive skin, sunscreen, prescription glasses, eye drops—to children with albinism across Tete province. 13 April 2016 A/HRC/32/12: This was the report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review on Somalia. Somali government forces responded to a handful of largely peaceful... Al-Shabab Abuses. The annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, also known as the Human Rights Reports, cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international agreements. ... World Report 2020. The elections were marred by political infighting and allegations of rigging, and authorities muzzl… Military courts continue to try defendants in a broad range of cases, including for terrorism-related offenses, in proceedings that violate fair trial standards. The US military increasingly conducted airstrikes in Somalia and joint military operations against Al-Shabab. Shares. Relations between the federal government and the federal member states deteriorated, diverting attention from needed reforms and on occasion resulting in abuses. Franciel Souza Guajajara, then coordinator of the Wazayzar, or “keepers of the culture,” of Araribóia Indigenous Territory, in Maranhão State, leads a group of guardians on a foot patrol near the village of Lagoa Comprida in June 2018. Children cover their noses from the smell during a mass burial on January 24, 2017, of unclaimed bodies in a cemetery in Navotas, a city in Metro Manila that has been hard hit in the “drug war.”, Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice, Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808. It is urgent to resist this assault, which threatens decades of progress on human rights and our future. Luisinho, 26, quit his job selling second-hand clothes on the street because he could not afford sunscreen and his skin would burn. “My dream was to become a teacher. “Jennifer” was 11 when her father was shot dead in December 2016 during a drug raid in their home in Payatas, Quezon City, February 2019. The ban on Foore was lifted in August. Our people Mausi Segun. She is often called “money” or “business” outside of class. In August, Mozambique President Filipe Nyusi and the leader of the country’s main opposition party Renamo, Ossufo Momade, signed a new peace agreement pledging to end years of violence and pave the way for elections in October. Aisha Ilyas Adan, 12, went missing on February 24, and her body was discovered the next day near her home in North Galkayo, Puntland. The United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) recorded a total of 1,1154 civilian casualties by mid-November. One of two illegal sawmills found by Human Rights Watch about five kilometers outside Governador Indigenous territory, in the outskirts of Amarante do Maranhão in June 2018. Annual report on the human rights situation in 2019. While Somali authorities seldom investigate cases of killings or attacks on journalists, a Somali media organization reported that the military court in Mogadishu in absentia sentenced to five years a police officer for the July 2018 killing of cameraman Abdirizak Kasim Iman. He now works in the fields with his father, where he plants beans and maize. Security forces, notably police forces, responded with lethal force, killing at least 15 protesters and injuring many others between December 13 and 15, according to the UN. Human Rights Watch exposes human rights abuses like torture, violence against women, and child exploitation. In August, six UN Security Council member states blocked a bid by Kenya to impose additional counterterrorism sanctions on Al-Shabab that could have jeopardized the delivery of humanitarian aid. Flavia Pinto, head of Azemap, a volunteer-run organization that supports people with albinism, with a toddler that she is in the process of adopting. In late May, the police detained for three days Ali Adan Munim, reporter at the private Goobjoog media outlet, citing Facebook posts in which Ali criticized National Intelligence and Security Agency (NISA) treatment of detainees and had said he had obtained copies of national exams. Loggers cross the river into the territory to extract timber illegally, Indigenous people say. Afaan Oromoo – World Report 2020: Ethiopia – Human Rights Watch. Fearing for his life, he decided to seek refuge at a children’s group south of Manila. 0. World Report 2020 is Human Rights Watch’s 30th annual review of human rights practices around the globe. As HRW describes this e-book, “World Report 2020 is Human Rights Watch’s 30th annual review of human rights practices around the globe. 19 July 2018 A/HRC/39/72: This was the report of the independent expert on human rights in Somalia. Inter-clan and intra-security force violence, often over control of land and revenge killings, led to civilian deaths, injuries, and displacement, as did sporadic military operations, including airstrikes, against Al-Shabab by Somali government forces, African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) troops, and other foreign forces. ... will deliver its report to the Human Rights Council at its September 2020 session. This trend continued in 2019 as Al-Shabab pursued an aggressive child recruitment campaign with retaliation against communities refusing to hand over children. Cattle near Governador Indigenous territory, Maranhão State, in June 2018. The work is hard and painful, because the sun hurts his skin. The 652-page volume reviews human rights practices … It summarizes key human rights issues in more than 100 countries and territories worldwide, drawing on events from late 2018 through November 2019” (p. VIII). Eýy Cy, 31, holds his son in the main square of Governador village, where he is chief, in Governador Indigenous Territory in Maranhão State in June 2018. Last Updated: Thursday, 17 December 2020, 16:13 GMT ... Human Rights Watch World Report 1989 - Somalia. Twelve years on, there has been no trial. Humanitarian agencies face serious access challenges due to insecurity, targeted attacks on aid workers, generalized violence, and restrictions imposed by parties to the conflict. He tries to find work as a singer. Human Rights Watch launches damning report on China, urging action against oppression and abuses By Christina Zhou Posted 14 Jan January 2020 Tue Tuesday 14 Jan January 2020 at 8:06pm In May, security forces killed at least one child as students peacefully protested in Beletweyn, following a government decision to postpone exams. In his introductory essay, Executive Director Kenneth Roth says that the Chinese government, which depends on repression to stay in power, is carrying out the most intense attack on the global human rights system in decades. Josina, a girl with albinism, sits in her classroom in Chiuta District in Mozambique’s Tete province. All Somali parties to the conflict commited serious abuses against children, including killings, maiming, and the recruitment and use of child soldiers. In January, when Somalia became a member of the UN Human Rights Council, the federal government expelled the UN head in Somalia, Nicholas Haysom, pointing to a letter in which he had raised human rights concerns around government actions in Baidoa. by Admin; October 8, 2020; 12. According to his mother, “Kyle,” who is 5 in this February 2019 photo, became more violent after his father was killed in November 2016. Al-Shabab executed after unfair trials individuals it accused of working or spying for the government and foreign forces, with media reporting an uptick in executions mid-year; and extorted “taxes” through threats. ecoi.net is run by the Austrian Red Cross (department ACCORD) in cooperation with Informationsverbund Asyl & Migration. The Somali federal and regional authorities, along with their international partners, focused on fighting Al-Shabaab and on managing elections including the South West regional presidential elections in late 2018, Puntland parliamentary and presidential elections in early 2019 and Jubaland parliamentary and presidential elections in August 2019. It's good work. Fartun Ibrahim, a member of the Mogadishu-based Peace and Human Rights Network (PHRN), said the human rights violations documented in the HRW report were an ongoing problem in Somalia. Flavia Pinto, head of Azemap, with one of her organization’s beneficiaries. He is afraid to go to school. International donors supported the establishment of a new civilian court and prison complex in Mogadishu. Human Rights Watch documented several such killings in 2019. Fighting between armed Islamist groups and pro-government forces has subjected southern and central Somalia to violence and instability. Franciel Souza Guajajara leads a meeting of the Wazayzar  before setting out on patrol in the village of Lagoa Comprida in June 2018. According to media reports and the UN, between December 31, 2018, and early November, 2019, the government had carried out at least 16 executions, all for alleged terrorism-related offenses. Human rights reforms implemented by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed during his first year in office were threatened in 2019 by communal, including ethnic, conflict and breakdowns in law and order. At time of writing, the court’s mandate remained unclear, and no juvenile facilities set up. ... March 11, 2020. It declared that 2.1 million Somalis face acute food insecurity, as of late September, many of them children and internally displaced. Somali federal and regional authorities unlawfully detained children simply for alleged ties to Al-Shabab and at times prosecuted in military courts, children for terrorism-related offenses. Hostilities in eastern Ukraine entered their sixth year and continued to put civilians’ lives and well-being at risk, even as … ecoi.net is funded by the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund, the Austrian Ministry of the Interior and Caritas Austria. African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) troops, first independent National Human Rights Commission, Military courts continue to try defendants in a broad range of cases, killings, maiming, and the recruitment and use of child soldiers, at particular risk of sexual and gender-based violence, police detained for three days Ali Adan Munim, many of them children and internally displaced, https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2020/country-chapters/somalia, Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD). The UN explicitly linked the humanitarian situation to climate change, among other factors. A month later, the country received Pope Francis, whose presence was aimed at strengthening the peace agreement. In September and October, authorities in Puntland repeatedly harassed journalists at Daljir Radio after the station reported on alleged arbitrary arrests and mistreatment of detainees, including the alleged death in custody of one detainee as a result of mistreatment, by Puntland security forces. Since last June, Revita said that some schools have introduced Braille classes, which Josina was taking. The Somali penal code, currently being revised, classifies sexual violence as an “offence against modesty and sexual honor” rather than as a violation of bodily integrity; it also punishes same-sex intercourse. The federal government, regional authorities, notably in Puntland and Jubaland, and Al-Shabab continued to intimidate, harass and attack journalists. “Rose” and “Eddie” playing on their couch in February 2019, inside their house in Quezon City. Al-Shabab continues to prohibit many nongovernmental organizations and all UN agencies from working in areas under its control, blockading some government-controlled towns. He was accused of insulting public officials, disrupting government work, and spreading propaganda. The government has yet to endorse the list of nominees for the country’s first independent National Human Rights Commission. There are an estimated 2.6 million internally displaced people (IDPs), many living unassisted and vulnerable to abuse. In order to maintain our independence, we accept no money from any government. He grabbed his father from behind while the gunman was shooting him and was wounded in the leg. The Guardians are Tenetehara Indigenous people who patrol the land to detect illegal logging and report it to the authorities. In April, AFRICOM acknowledged two civilian casualties in an April 2018 strike, citing internal reporting errors. A masked gunman shot her in the head while she ate dinner outside a convenient store on December 16, 2016. Dozens were arbitrarily arrested, reportedly including children. Cláudio José da Silva, the coordinator of the “Forest Guardians” of Caru Indigenous Territory, Maranhão State, at the bank of the Pindaré river in June 2018. When she would try to sit in the front of the class to better see the blackboard, one teacher would yell, “You albino, you stay where you are!” Her father complained to the school but it only made things worse. A Pyhcop Catiji woman uses paint extracted from the jenipapo fruit to draw traditional patterns on a boy´s skin. The newspaper was accused of spreading misinformation after it reported on the building of a new presidential palace in Hargeisa. Annual report on the human rights situation in 2019. Cesaria, a teacher, has overheard students wishing aloud for another teacher because of her albinism. Somali government forces responded to a handful of largely peaceful demonstrations with lethal force. Revita, Josina’s teacher, allows her sit up close in class and gives her extra time during exams. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. Political tensions intensified throughout 2018 and 2019. “I wonder why can't they treat me like a normal person?”. Photo taken in February 2019. There are an estimated 2.6 million internally displaced people (IDPs), many living unassisted and vulnerable to abuse. 0. World Report 2020 - Somalia Abuses by Government and Allied Forces. We rely solely on the generosity of people like you to defend human rights. The Human Rights Council adopted without a vote a resolution on assistance to Somalia in the field of human rights. Two journalists, Mohamed Sahal Omar and Somali-Canadian Hodan Nalayeh, were killed in a July 12 Al-Shabab attack on a hotel in the southern port city of Kismayo. The UN documented over 100 incidents of sexual violence against girls. Al-Shabab conducted targeted and indiscriminate attacks against civilians and civilian infrastructure using improvised explosive devices (IEDs), suicide bombings, and shelling, as well as assassinations, particularly in Mogadishu and Lower Shabelle, which resulted in over 750 civilian deaths and injuries, according to the UN. “When the teacher would say those things to me, it allowed the students to do the same,” Fatima said. 0. In 2018, the UN documented more cases of children recruited and used as soldiers in Somalia than in any other country in the world. Revita, Josina’s teacher, allows her sit up close in class and gives her extra time during exams. Human Rights Watch upholds the freedoms and defends the protections that promote dignity, equality, and justice. He finds that Beijing’s actions both encourage and gain support from autocratic populists around the globe, while Chinese authorities use their economic clout to deter criticism from other governments. The Guardians are Tenetehara Indigenous people who patrol the land to detect illegal logging and report it to the authorities. In December 2018, during the run-up to regional presidential elections in Baidoa, Ethiopian forces arrested Mukhtar Robow, a former Al-Shabab leader who ran for the regional presidency, sparking protests. The Pyhcop Catiji people who live there have set up a group of “Forest Guardians,” who patrol the forest to detect illegal logging. According to multiple media reports, Aisha was raped, mutilated, and strangled to death. The 44 th annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices provide carefully researched, factual, and objective information on actions foreign governments are taking – or not taking – to demonstrate observance of and respect for internationally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms. The 652-page volume reviews human rights practices and trends in nearly 100 countries. The report provided eyewitness accounts of the human rights abuses that preceded the outbreak of war, and examined the conduct of the war by government forces and SNM insurgents. Human Rights Watch | 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor | New York, NY 10118-3299 USA | t 1.212.290.4700 Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808 0. Read the news release. The child’s father was convicted of attempting to sell him. “Zeny” got depressed and lost her Job after her husband “Alvin Ricaforte” was killed. Children carry the coffin of “Veneracion” to the top of an apartment-type grave in a cemetery in Mandaluyong City on December 29, 2016. After the Somali government expelled special representative of the secretary-general Haysom, the UN suspended its monthly reporting on human rights issues. Last week, Human Rights Watch (HRW) released their World Report 2020—an annual review of human rights around the globe. This sawmill was in the open, unobscured by any fences or trees, a few hundred meters from a main road, and hooked to the town´s power grid. Our annual review of human rights around the globe. Human Rights Watch opposes the death penalty in all cases. Amnesty International documented the killing of a member of parliament and a child on December 14. The government appointed individuals implicated in serious human rights abuses to high-level positions. Ongoing armed conflict, insecurity, lack of state protection, and recurring humanitarian crises exposed Somali civilians to serious abuse. Two Years After #MeToo Erupts, A New Treaty Anchors Workplace Shifts, Shutting Down the Internet to Shut Up Critics, Going to the Bank for Food, Not Money: The Growing Reality of Hunger in “Rich” Countries, With Millions Out of School, the Countdown Begins to Get All Children into Quality, Accessible Education, As Killer Robots Loom, Demands Grow to Keep Humans in Control of Use of Force, Holding Companies to Account: Momentum Builds for Corporate Human Rights Duties, Discrimination and Barriers to Education for Persons with Albinism in Mozambique. Her niece, Luisa, both eight at the time refworld is the leading of! Asyl & Migration Indigenous territory, Maranhão state, in February 2019 born, his father shot... Child exploitation put in place juvenile justice measures, notably for children of... 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